Written by Josh DiValentino
Background: The district of Pima County, AZ, operates a total of eight wastewater treatment plants. The Tres Rios Water Reclamation Facility (WRF) is the centralized biosolids processing facility for all Pima County plants. Tres Rios WRF currently operates 24/7/365 at a 30 MGD capacity, with a projected flow of 50 MGD in 2030. The facility process is; BNR, Anaerobic Digestion, Dewatering, Pumping, Truck Loading, and Land Application of biosolids (cotton is common use). For nearly 20 years, Schwing Bioset, Inc. has provided solids handling solutions at Tres Rios with projects ranging from biosolids cake pumping and cake storage bins, to most recently, nutrient recovery and temporary Screw Press dewatering equipment.
Cake Pumping: Since the early 2000’s to 2012, the Tres Rios WRF had used a piston pump for biosolids cake conveyance to truck loading. In 2012, the facility completed a Regional Optimization Master Plan expansion, which included an upgrade to the centrifuge building and loading building. The upgrade design replaced the existing piston pump with progressive cavity pumps dedicated to each of the three new centrifuges.
After 6 years of struggling with excessive downtime associated with the progressive cavity pumps, the 10+ year-old piston pump was pulled from storage, sent to Schwing Bioset, Inc. to be rebuilt and reconfigured to fit the existing building, and installed to replace one of the progressive cavity pumps.
Since its reinstallation, the plant has used the piston pump as its primary pump, reducing the downtime and maintenance costs associated with the progressive cavity pumps. The facility no longer needs to de-rate the centrifuges and has been able to dewater the biosolids to a higher percent solids content when using the piston pump, significantly reducing hauling costs. The subsequent uptime and increase in dry cake solids production justified the capital cost of buying an additional Piston Pump, as the payback was determined to be 2 years. One progressive cavity pump will remain in service as an emergency backup for pumping thickened sludge, which is usually thickened from 6% to 8% solids.
The second new Piston Pump will come online in 2020. The Schwing Bioset, Inc. Engineering Team also worked with the district to perform a complete pipeline analysis of the existing cake pipeline. This identified the pipeline upgrades required to re-certify the pipeline for higher pumping pressures, resulting from higher cake solids and higher flow via the Piston Pumps to Truck Loading. This pump technology conversion clearly illustrates that while the initial capital expense of a piston pump is higher than a progressive cavity pump, the long-term expenses over the operating life of the equipment, when factoring in hauling expenses, maintenance costs, and operational downtime, heavily favor piston pump technology.
For more information on this project, read the paper below or contact us.
Additional Info: Biosolids Cake Pumping Life Cycle Analysis - A True Operators Story
Stay Tuned for More on Pima County Projects:
Part Two: Live Bottom Bins
Part Three: Temporary Screw Press Dewatering
Part Four: NuReSys Struvite Management Project